Prehistoric Common Sense
Our main characteristic, first and foremost, is human intelligence. With respect to other species, human beings are vastly superior, because our mentality is by far more advanced. In order to survive, animals respond only to their instincts, satisfying their immediate needs. Humans must also ensure their survival, but rather than having to rely strictly on instincts, they get to make independent choices, based on broader perspectives.
This is why we were able to acquire various skills, allowing us to survive in different regions of the planet, under different climates. It was hunting, gathering, farming, building homes, inventing tools, weapons, and solving various other problems. Because we control our environment, we can keep evolving in a chosen direction, rather than drifting unknowingly by default, like animals.
Of course, no human individual could survive independently, strictly on his own. This is why families had to develop into strong and stable structures. Because of their interdependence, they had to communicate and cooperate well with other families. Survival required interacting, so humans had to be honest, loyal and mutually supportive. Both families and individuals needed to be fully devoted to their communities. Given that in the distant past overpopulation did not exist, competitiveness did not rein and wars were not necessary.
Generations had to be close in touch. As there were no schools or kindergartens back then, children stayed close to their parents, observing them all the time. They were imitating and practicing their parents’ standard activities. By the time they were grown up, they knew all the skills, values and practical knowledge of their previous generation. As grown-ups they continued advancing their skills, occasionally making new discoveries and finding more effective solutions. Thus, our abilities to survive were gradually becoming more sophisticated. This is how our human progress continued over eons.
The primary human objective was, of course, to deal well with the natural environment in order to survive. Although some risks were always unavoidable, they were no more than rare exceptions, given human intelligence. Being self-sufficient and having reliable survival skills, human communities were getting confident, embracing true freedom and independence. Next, they would broaden their perspective and become conscious of priorities built most deeply into human character.
As opposed to other species, a small percentage of human intelligence was sufficient to make their survival a steady routine. As a result, the rest of intelligence was free to address the most abstract, never ending mystery about reality in the broadest sense.
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